Goodbye Madiba

This is one of my favorite books from my library.

This is one of my favorite books from my library.

In tribute to a man who left in his path millions of souls who will forever be grateful to his battle against bigotry, against racism, against hatred.
Who lived his life in service of his fellow man.
Whose daring in challenging injustice, determination in surviving the odds, dedication to his people and devotion to his principals shine as beacons in the darkness of the times he lived in.
Whose passion for righteousness still ignites the world.
Whose immeasurable patience against adversity is a testament to his life.
Whose life is his message to mankind.
We are all truly blessed to have lived and seen this great soul in his own lifetime.

Circumambulation for personal growth

Over the years, as the QNET family has grown bigger and more diverse, I have tried to evolve my training programs to include new methodologies and tools from around the world to help people with their personal growth. Many of you know that I am an avid reader and a student of many cultures and teachings of great leaders from the past. I get my inspiration for interesting new training tools from reading, talking to people from different countries and nationalities, discussions with many of you, videos of other successful techniques and even just simple observations of life around me.

One such interesting method I have used, especially for participants of the Zone, my annual, invitation only program is called Pradakshina. While the term Pradakshina itself is in Sanskrit, the act of doing Pradakshina goes by many names in many cultures.

So, what is Pradakshina? In English, it is called Circumambulation, the act of going around a fixed point. I refer to it as Pradakshina, because I grew up in an Indian family and that’s the term I am most familiar with.

Science teaches us that everything in this world has a pattern. From the smallest sub-atomic particle to the gigantic universe, everything is in constant motion. There are two kinds of motion.

  1. Self-spinning – Rotating on one’s own axis
  2. Circumambulation  – Going in a circular motion around a fixed point.

Let me illustrate this with some examples.

  • If you remember your high school physics, electrons in an atom are self-spinning and they go around the nucleus, which is at the core of the atom.
  • The moon has its own axis of rotation and yet it also spins around the Earth.
  • The Earth spins on its axis and yet it also rotates around the Sun.
  • All stars in the galaxy rotate around a galactic center and the sun is one of hundreds of billion of stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way

And this goes on and on….

circumambulation, pradakshina

A Last day of Hajj – all pilgrims leaving Mina, many already in Mecca for farewell circumambulation of Kaaba.

From ancient times, circumambulation has been a part of many different cultures and religions around the world. In Hinduism, it is common to circumambulate around a sacred object or structure in prayer. Buddhists walk around a temple to cultivate reflection on compassion and wisdom. The Jewish faith uses circumambulation during Hoshanah Rabbah at the end of the Festival of Sukkot. At some Catholic shrines,it is also a tradition to circumambulate around the relics of a saint or an image of Jesus or the Virgin Mary. Often this is performed three times, as a reference to the Trinity.

In Islam, circumambulation is performed around the Kaaba in Mecca and is known as Tawaf. During the Hajj and Umrah, Muslims circumambulate the Kaaba seven times, in a counter clockwise direction. The circling is believed to demonstrate the unity of the believers in the worship of the One God, as they move in harmony together around the Kaaba, while supplicating to Allah. Interestingly, I read that the Kaaba is the most circumambulated structure in this world since it is constantly circumambulated by pilgrims at all times except for the time of prayers, when small birds and angels are said to circumambulate the Kaaba.

Sufi dancers, known as the whirling dervishes revolve around their left foot with their head tilted similar to the tilt of earth’s axis. Greek philosopher Plato, who studied in Egypt for 13 years believes that ancient Egypt’s ritual circle dancing represents the dance of the planets and stars around the altar of the sun.

These various interpretations, you will have observed, portray circumambulation as a journey. One that allows man to walk in harmony with a greater power and the laws of nature, because to harmonize with it, is true power.

I have tried to incorporate the key benefits of circumambulation into my training programs based on five key benefits suited to today’s world.

  1. Physical:  The act of circumambulation requires a lot of walking. And when we set out to circumambulate a particular number of times, the physical benefit of walking results in getting a good exercise. During the Zone, I recommend approximately 50 rounds which can be completed in around 40-45 minutes.
  2. Emotional: At an emotional level, when we circumambulate everyday, we derive an understanding that everything we do revolves around a higher power that is at the centre of the universe. This helps us stay humble.
  3. Intellectual: The understanding that the smallest micro particle to the complex macro universe follows this motion, allows us to appreciate the wonders of nature and the science behind it.
  4. Awareness:  As we circumambulate, it allows us time for reflection and connect with our inner selves. This connection deepens over time and it increases our self-awareness, allowing us to reflect and change things within us. This helps us to stop finding fault with others and seeing external sources as a cause of our problems.
  5. Consciousness: Focusing on a fixed object or point when you walk around it, allows the mind to focus. Our minds are constantly filled with wandering thoughts and the act of circumambulation is known to still the mind.

It is important to note that ultimately the process of circumambulation is one of refining focus and internalising one’s thoughts and is not confined to any religious or spiritual practice. You can choose to do it in any direction you want, and any number of times you want. Like any tool it can be utilised for any purpose that you need it for, ranging from the martial arts to exam preparation. The only reason I incorporate it as part of my training programs is because of its effectiveness as a mental exercise.

The practice of Sadhana

This is my second post in this series. In part 1, I explained the philosophy behind the practice of Sadhana. In this part, I will help you understand how you can practice it in your daily lives with your uplines and mentors.

Sadhana is a process of self discipline and analysis. You write what you did for the day and the learning that you experienced the day before. It is a process of analysing your mistakes yourself, before your mentor. It allows your mentor to check you every day. This is not a report, it is a learning process where you discuss your weaknesses and your learning for the day.

The process is done continuously for 108 days. Like Mouna, if you miss a day, you start all over again from Day 1.

For the process to be tracked with simplicity, each message is marked with a simple numbering system. Day 1 is marked as 1/108, Day 2 as 2/108 and so on.

You have completed a full cycle of Sadhana when you reach 108/108, without missing a single day. That’s when you live in the Zone…

One complete Sadhana raises you to another level with your mentor.

What is Sadhana?

Many of you in the network practice Sadhana, especially those who have been with me from the early days. Over the years, I have tried to inculcate this as a habit and an inherent practice in networking, alongside the practice of Sphere of Silence. Many newcomers have been asking me what Sadhana really means, especially in the networking context.

I am writing a 2 part series here, to serve as a guide to those of you who are trying to understand this and the innate philosophy behind it. In the first part, I will go into what Sadhana means in the larger context and why  this is an important practice. In the second part, I will break down the process for the networkers amongst you, of the actual practice.

Sadhana” means the same thing in numerous languages, including Sanskrit, Tibetan, almost all major Indian languages of the subcontinent, Japanese, Thai, Burmese, and lately in the English-speaking parts of the world. In its literal sense, it means “accomplishing something”. More intrinsically, it is an ego transcending spiritual practice.

Sadhana is a spiritual discipline of the mind, which at times coincidentally includes the body. Ultimately the objective is to sharpen and redefine the mind and its perception of reality. In a more simplistic sense, sadhana is about repeating the same practice every day. It is the straightest, most well-travelled path to mastery over oneself, or over a particular discipline.

In the context of network marketing, particularly the one that I developed as a tool for integrating and communicating internally within the network, sadhana is a simple requirement – the adherent or the downline must submit a daily observation of his various challenges or learnings to his upline.

It is usually practiced during mouna when the individual notes his observations, thoughts, and learning processes, and sends them out continuously for 108 days to his upline, which completes one cycle. Then the process is repeated. There are times when the mentor who receives sadhana will reply, although that is optional. When he chooses to reply, then the number and cycle of the sadhana becomes relevant to the reply.

Uniquely enough, although in many cases sadhana can be read, the act of writing it out itself provides an internal guiding system to the individual sending it out. There mere act of pouring out his challenges and outlining them causes him to re-evaluate his predicament – and often leads to an answer, or a correction in his strategy.

The sadhana sometimes accomplishes so much at its first stage. On the occasions when the mentor replies, there is interaction and the mentor-mentee relationship is strengthened. Very often it goes to a third or fourth individual, as the mentor is himself a mentee to someone else. Thus, when he is faced with a difficult problem, he escalates it to another level for guidance.  As this this  process goes upwards, ever so often, it reaches me and an answer or direction I give to a particular problem/question may end up answering a dozen people down the line. Then sadhana becomes a process of self-searching, self-evaluation, self-analysis and self-direction, which can be taken to another level when a group discussion is held. In fact, it is the most effective tool that I have come across in holding the group together.

The process originates from the gurukala system of ancient India; the monastic system practiced in ashrams throughout India. There, the circles are tighter, generally within one ashram, but the requirements remain the same. A daily journal and system of learning through self-analysis are encouraged. The rationale of this exercise hinges upon the principle that the answers lie within. We just need to find the way to the right door that opens to the right answer.

As a side effect, sadhana builds strength of character, for it requires discipline, duty, focus, and leads to a sense of purpose. To many who are not yet comfortable with themselves, this can be a humungous task, but when done in stages, the resulting effect is seen when one actually becomes comfortable with who they are. In a sense, sadhana for centuries has played the role that psychiatrists fill today.

In many a case, we need to clarify our thoughts. On occasion a thought once enunciated, becomes transparent for what it is. If not properly thought out, it dissipates. But when one learns the art of thinking things through, then the thought grows in strength to eventually become a thought process. That is the key to developing the path to wisdom.

Watch out for the second part of this series on the Practice of Sadhana.

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